| A surrogacy arrangement is where a woman agrees to have a baby on behalf of someone else (Intended Parent/s). The surrogate agrees/is contracted, to hand the baby over to the Intended (or 'commissioning') Parents at the birth.
What is Surrogacy?
There are two types of surrogacy arrangements that can be made: Traditional surrogacy and Gestational surrogacy.
In Traditional surrogacy, the surrogate mother uses her own egg for fertilization and is therefore genetically related to the baby. Because the surrogate is the genetic mother to the baby, her parental rights are protected under law.
In Gestational surrogacy, there are 3 choices: the intended mother's eggs and the intended father's sperm are used, or an egg donor with the intended father's sperm, or a sperm donor with the intended mother's eggs. With Gestational surrogacy, there is no genetic link to the surrogate.
Gestational Surrogacy Testing: There are a series of tests that the surrogate mother must undergo before qualifying. Testing procedures for gestational surrogacy may include the following:
Gestational Surrogacy Process:
- Testing for infectious diseases
- Pap smear and uterine scan
- Trial transfer in preparation for implantation
- HCG test
- Psychological evaluation and a family history check for genetic disorders
- At least one uncomplicated/healthy pregnancy of her own
The surrogate mother and the egg donor will be given medications in order to synchronize their ovulation cycles. This often involves beginning a cycle of birth control pills. The egg donor will be given injectable hormones to stimulate the ovaries in order to produce more than one mature egg during ovulation. When follicles have reached a certain size, the egg donor will be given an HCG shot to aid egg maturation. After 36 hours, the eggs will be retrieved and fertilized.
When the fertilized eggs or embryos reach a certain stage, (usually 2-3 days old), they will be transferred to the surrogate mother's uterus. Depending on the laws of the country in which you proceed, surrogacy is available to married couples, de-facto couples, singles and same-sex couples. Not every nation allows its citizens to enter into a surrogacy arrangement, therefore consultation with a lawyer and /or checking with the appropriate authorities in your country of residence is strongly recommended. If you are unsure, please feel free to ask us and we can forward any information we have available.